Viking Voyages to Vinland

Did you know that the Scandinavian Vikings visited Newfoundland and Labrador Canada approximately five centuries before John Cabot or Christopher Columbus sailed to North America? Vinland or Wine-land was discovered by Leif Erickson, covered the area from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the northeastern New Brunswick known for its grapevines, then all the way up to Newfoundland.

Photo below: Reenactment of Viking ships at L’Anse aux Meadows


Vikings were known for their raiding and trading in unknown lands such as L’Anse aux Meadows located at the Northern tip of Newfoundland. In 1960 archaeological artifacts were found there. This site’s discovery and dig was lead by Archaeologist Anne Stine Ingstad with her husband Helge Ingstad. Vineland or Wine-land was written about in the Icelandic Sagas. This site was named an Archaeological and Historical site by the Government of Canada in 1968. Over time, the Vikings left the area due to the extreme cold and lack of food during the winter months, they returned home.

Photo: Archaeologist, Anne Ingstad at L’Anse aux Meadows, 1963.


Photo below: L’Anse aux Meadows site at the North tip of Newfoundland.


L’Anse aux Meadows may be the camp Straumfjörd  meaning stream-fjord described by the famous Viking, Erik The Red in The Saga of Erik The Red.
This site dates back six thousand years earlier before the Vikings, where The Dorset Paleo-Eskimo peoples lived from 500 BCE to 1500 CE.
Source & Reference:
  • Hreinsson, Vidar (1997) The Complete Sagas of Icelanders (Leifur Eiriksson Publishing, Reykjavik, Iceland) ISBN 978-9979-9293-0-7
  • Wahlgren, Erik (2000). The Vikings and America. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-28199-4.
  •  Wallace, Birgitta (2003). “The Norse in Newfoundland: L’Anse aux Meadows and Vinland”. The New Early Modern Newfoundland. 
  • All photos in Public Domain




Author: Nifty Buckles

Nifty Buckles folklore blogger, snatched by a weaver of weird, a tipsy Clurichan crafted my magical nifty buckles.

3 thoughts on “Viking Voyages to Vinland”

  1. Later the Portuguese fishermen showed up with knowledge of “Vinland”, to fish off the Grand Banks, using the southeast small islands and the mainland of Newfoundland in the South east to camp out and salt the cod before sailing back to Portugal. All of this fishing activity started 90+ years before Columbus “Discovered” America , in the early 1400s. The Portuguese fishermen likely the source of Columbus’ “Occult” knowledge (acquired by Spanish spies) of the “New World” and even likely Columbus had the Portuguese knowledge of the direction of where “Vinland” was, via the Spanish royalty for whom he worked, as Spain wanted desperately to discover where the Portuguese were getting all the fish from, as there was famine and starvation in Spain during this period on a number of occasions, with the Portuguese being Spain’s Arch rival at the time (along with the Moors).


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