Freaky Friday The 13th Folklore

Freaky Friday The 13th in Folklore.

Friday is a thoughtful time, there is so much Myth and Mystery that surrounds it. According to author, Eric W. Weisstein (“Triskaidekaphobia on MathWorld”. ) The fear of the number 13 has been given a scientific name: “triskaidekaphobia”; and on analogy to this the fear of Friday the 13th is called paraskevidekatriaphobia, from the Greek words Paraskeví (Παρασκευή, meaning “Friday”), and dekatreís (δεκατρείς, meaning “thirteen.”

This famous superstition happened on Friday, 13 October 1307, on this day, King Philip IV of France arrested and tortured hundreds of the Knights Templar. Many of the Knights Templar just vanished! They were a special forces unit that were highly skilled, they fought and organised the crusades. The ones that didn’t fight the Non-combatant members of the order directed a large economic infrastructure throughout Christendom, developing innovative financial methods that were an early form of finance, and constructing fortifications across Europe and the Holy Land. The Templars being closely tied to the Crusades; when the Holy Land was lost, support for the order dwindled. Rumours about the Templars’ secret initiation ceremony caused suspicion, and King Philip IV of France – deeply in debt to the order – took advantage of the situation to gain control over them. Pope Clement V disbanded the order in 1312 influenced by King Philip 1V. Maurice Druon comments on this in his historical novel The Iron King (Le Roi de fer), John J. Robinson’s 1989 work Born in Blood: The Lost Secrets of Freemasonry, Dan Brown’s 2003 novel The Da Vinci Code and Steve Berry’s The Templar Legacy (2006).

Also a New tv series will start Dec. 6th on the History Channel that tells the Legend of the Vanished Knights Templar. It’s termed ” “Knightfall.”

Another reason Friday the thirteenth was condidered unlucky was that Christians feared Friday the thirteenth as it was the day of Jesus Christ’s last supper before his disciple Judas traded Jesus into the Roman guard’s shackles, for fifty pieces of silver to be crucified. The number 12 represents Christ’s inner group of disciples and the Christ was the 13th which is a sacred astrology symbol of the Sun or Son encircled by the 12 Zodiac signs in the heavens.

Some cultures like the Greeks feared the number thirteen as well as Tuesday the god Ares is a war day. This is due to the day Constantinople fell to the Ottomans. April 13 1204.

Italians frowned upon the 17th due to the origin of writing the number 17, in Roman numerals: XVII. By intermixing the digits of the number one can easily get the word VIXI (“I have lived”, implying death in the present), an omen of bad luck. However, they found the 13th day lucky.

Friday is considered lucky by the Old Norse folks as a good day to be married, since Odin’s wife Frigg a Norse goddess in her own right, is the originator of this day.

Freya the Norse Vanir goddess of sorcery who taught Odin magick, is of the sixth day, and is portrayed with her sacred animals, her cats named, Bygul & Trjegul.

Christianity later demoted the Norse gods and goddesses and the Celitc gods and godesses turning them into demons and witches. Only the Celtic, nature, goddess Bridget was morphed into Saint Bridget by Christianity. Freya was also portrayed as a witch with a black cat and according to the Christian cleric at the time, she was demoted as evil.

Ergo, the Inquisitions of Europe, the UK, eastern US where both women and men were burned at the stake, hanged, tortured and drowned after being accused and tried of witchcraft hyped up by the paranoid, competitive priests of Roman Catholism & Protestantism.

Let’s not forget that several of the UK and European churches were built over pagan sacred sites.

The Chinese consider the number thirteen to be a sign of good fortune, not bad luck. Friday or Shukravar is revered to Shakti, the Mother Goddess of the Hindus which in turn consider this day to be lucky.

The number thirteen represents the full moons in a year, it can be correlated to the lunar cycle and is identified with the moon goddesses, Greek: Diana, Hekate, Selene, Celtic: Cerridwen, China: Chanģ O Lady. The Norse god Máni is a moon god and is where the term “Man in the moon,” may have originated from.

The most obvious association yet overlooked is the 12 signs of the Zodiac with the sun in the centre adds up to 13 which is lucky since the sun makes organic life grow.

Note: Please be kind to black cats and dogs as we celebrate the Samhain and Halloween season and all seasons.

Enjoy Friday the 13th Pagans. 🎃

Sources & References:

Weisstein, Eric W. “Triskaidekaphobia on MathWorld”. Hartston, Willam (1 June 2007).

Encyclopedia of Useless Information. Sourcebooks, Incorporated. p. 365. ISBN 9781402248382.

In Christian tradition, fear of Friday the 13th stems from the day of the Crucifixion (Friday) and the number at the Last Supper (13). Despite these origins, the Friday the 13th superstition dates back only to the Middle Ages. Chrysopoulos, Philip (13 October 2015).Re”Why Superstitious Greeks Fear Tuesday the 13th”. Greek Reporter.

Clar, Mimi (1957). “Friday the 13th”. Western Folklore: 62–63.

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Loups Garoux Winged Female Werewolves

#WerewolfWednesday

The Halloween Fun countdown continues with Winged female werewolves that can fly termed, Loups Garoux. Loups Garoux or Werewolves Loup Garou means werewolf in French. Loups Garoux is the plural, meaning werewolves. Loup Garoux of French Canadian and Haiti is combination of UK werewolf myths and African Sorcerers’ occult lore. The Loups Garoux of the Caribbean refers to male werewolves they transform from werewolves to men However, Loups garoux of the island according to folklore, are females, women who morph into werewolves. This is genetic and is inherited.

Many of the loups garoux belong to a covert occultic community. Several of them attain their supernatural sorcery from Iwa such as Marinette. Legend mentions the traditional belief is these women were barren, became frustrated and deliberately morphed into werewolves. Female loups garoux are known to transform during twilight.

Different from regular werewolves these girls can fly and have large wings that leave a glowing trail like a comet. The downside is they enjoy snacking on the blood of children similar to a vampire.

Shamans may work with particular plants to repel the loups garoux. Bamboo, snake plant and Kalanchoe encircle them around the house.

Loups garoux favor the 7th and 13th nights of the month when the moon is full or waxing half.

Photo of a Loup Garou in France public domain.

Sources:

“loup-garou”. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4 ed.). 2000.

“Appendix I: Indo-European Roots: w-ro-“. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4 ed.). 2000

Goens, Jean (1993). Loups-garous, vampires et autres monstres : enquêtes médicales et littéraires. Paris: CNRS Editions. Ménard, Philippe (1984).

“Les histoires de loup-garou au moyen-âge”. Symposium in honorem prof. M. de Riquer (in French). Barcelona UP. pp. 209–38

Kitsune, Japanese Fox Spirit

#WorldSmileDay 🐺

Kitsune or 狐, キツネ a Japanese trickster, fox spirit. According to Japanese folklore it is a smart fox that shapeshifts into a person that may cause chaos. They are described as a species of yōkai, or spirit, kitsune are not ghosts, or unlike regular foxes. Kitsune have supernatural powers and are very strategic in their endeavours.

There are two common types of kitsune: The zenko (善狐, means good foxes) are benevolent, celestial foxes associated with Inari; they are sometimes simply called Inari foxes.

On the other paw, the yako (野狐, means field foxes, also called nogitsune) they tend to be mischievous or even malevolent.

According to Japanese folklore traditions there are other types of Kitsune. One example is, the ninko which is an invisible fox spirit that people can notice only after it possesses them.

Cronus in Greek Folklore

The month of October I will be focused on Folklore Villians. The countdown to Samhain and Halloween continues.

The Greek Titan Cronus heard the prophecy from his parents Gaia and Uranus that he would eventually, be defeated by his own sons, just as he had overthrown his father. Consequently, although he was the father of the gods Demeter, Hestia, Hera, Hades and Poseidon by Rhea, he devoured all of them at their birth to prevent the prophecy. When the sixth child, Zeus, was born Rhea hailed Gaia to devise a plan to save them and to eventually get avengement on Cronus for his heinous acts against his father and children. (Cronus also sired Chiron, by Philyra.)

Rhea secretly birthed Zeus in Crete, and handed Cronus a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes, also known as the Omphalos Stone, which he quickly gobbled up, thinking that it was his son.

Next,Rhea hid Zeus in a cave on Mount Ida, Crete. According to some legends of the story, he was then raised by a goat named Amalthea, while a company of Kouretes, armored male dancers, shouted and clapped their hands to make enough noise to mask the baby’s cries from Cronus. Once Zeus had grown up, he used a laxative given to him by Gaia pressuring Cronus to disgorge the contents of his stomach in reverse order: first the stone, which was set down at Pytho under the glens of Mount Parnassus to be a sign to mortal men, and then his two brothers and three sisters.

In various versions of this tale, Metis gave Cronus an emetic to force him to disgorge the children, or Zeus cut Cronus’s stomach open. Once freed his siblings, Zeus released the Hecatonchires, and the Cyclopes who forged for him his thunderbolts, Poseidon’s trident and Hades’ helmet of darkness.

In a colossal war called the Titanomachy, Zeus and his siblings, with the aid of the Hecatonchires, and Cyclopes, conquered Cronus and the other Titans.

Painting by Peter Paul Rubens of Cronus devouring one of his children.

References: Mythology by Edith Hamilton.

Foodlore: Iðunn’ Apples

In Norse mythology, Iðunn is described as providing the gods apples that grant them eternal youthfulness.

A number of theories surround Iðunn, including potential links to fertility, and her potential origin in Proto-Indo-European religion.

The name Iðunn has been variously explained as meaning “ever young”, “rejuvenator”, or “the rejuvenating one”. As the modern English alphabet lacks the eth (ð) character, Iðunn is sometimes anglicized as Idun, Idunn or Ithun.

19th-century scholar Jacob Grimm proposed a potential etymological connection to the idisi. Grimm states that “with the original form idis the goddess Idunn may possibly be connected. Grimm further states, that Iðunn may have been known with another name, and that “Iðunn would seem by Saem to be an Elvish word, but we do not hear of any other name for the goddess.

The thirteenth century Prose Edda, cites that Loki was once coerced by the jötunn Þjazi to lure Iðunn out of Asgard and into a wood, promising her interesting apples. Þjazi, transforms into an eagle, plucks Iðunn from the wood and takes her to his home. Iðunn’s absence causes the gods to grow old and grey, and they realize that Loki is responsible for her disappearance. Loki promises to return her and, in the form of a falcon, finds her alone at Þjazi’s home. He turns her into a nut and takes her back to Asgard. After Þjazi finds that Iðunn is gone, he turns into an eagle and furiously chases after Loki. The gods build a pyre in Asgard and, after a sudden stop by Loki, Þjazi’s feathers catch fire, he falls, and the gods kill him.

Source:

Wikipedia