According to Norse lore Skaði also known as Skadi, Skade, or Skathi.
Skađi is known as the Norse snowshoe goddess famous for the rescue of lost and cold winter travelers.
She is a goddess and jötunn, (ice giant) identified with winter, skiing, mountains and bowhunting.
Skaði is confirmed in the Poetic edda, composed in the 13th century from the earlier traditional sources, such as the Prose Edda and in Heimskringla, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson, and in the works of skalds.
Old Norse name Skaði, along with Scandinavia and Skáney, may be related to Gothic skadus, Old English sceadu, Old Saxon scado, and Old High German scato which means “shadow.” Skađi is also a goddess of death.
Norse lore cites she first taught men to hunt. She was revered by the Scandinavians up until the seventeenth century. They sacrificed a man annualy for a successful hunt. In cold climates they were unable to eat fruit and vegetables in the heart of winter, so they would hunt in order to stave off famine. The fur and animal hides were used for winter clothing and boots.
Skađi was a revered goddess in Sweden and Norway before the rise of Christianity in Scandinavia. Skađi predates the Aesir gods.
Skađi’s late father was Þjazi also known as Thiazi was killed by the Aesir gods after abducting Idunn and her apples of longevity. Not a wise move on his part.
Hearing the news of her father’s death and Loki’s synical flyting about Thiazi, Skađi angrily, confronts the Aesir gods. They compensate her by giving her a choice to choose a mate only by viewing their feet. Skađi desperately, desired Balder, unfortunate for her she chose the dismal sea god Njörđr. She married him based on his handsome feet which Skađi admired. (In ancient Norse symbolism bare feet represented verility.)
In Heimskringla, Skaði is described as having split up with Njörðr and as later having married the god Ullr also known as Holler, and this marriage, produced offspring.
In both the Poetic Edda and the Prose Edda, Skaði is liable for fastening the serpent that drips venom ( Jörmungandr ) onto the constrained Loki who had caused the beloved god Balder’s tragic death.
In the Prose Edda, Skaði is attested in two books: Gylfaginning and Skáldskaparmál.
Sources & references:
‘scathe.’ Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster.